Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder, a group of neuropsychiatric disorders with obsessive thinking and obsessive behavior as the main clinical manifestations.It is characterized by conscious compulsion and anti-compulsion coexist, some meaningless, even against their own will of ideas or impulses repeatedly invade the patient's daily life.Although patients experience these ideas or impulses are from their own, to resist, but always unable to control, the strong conflict between the two makes them feel great anxiety and pain, affect the study, work, interpersonal communication and even life.
The cause of Obsessive-compulsive disorder
The etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder is complex and has not yet been determined. At present, it is believed that it is mainly related to psychosocial, personality, heredity, neuroendocrine and other factors.
Many studies have shown that patients often experience adverse life events during their first onset, such as stressed interpersonal, marriage trials, and setbacks in study and work.People with OCD tend to be more or less perfectionist and set high standards for themselves and others,some patients have obsessive personality before the disease, which is manifested as excessive cautiousness, strong sense of responsibility, and hope that everything can be perfect, so they lack flexibility in dealing with adverse life events and are difficult to adapt.The contradictions and anxieties experienced by the patient can only be expressed through obsessive symptoms.
In addition, in recent years, a large number of studies have found that the onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder may have a certain genetic tendency,there are also dysfunctions in neuro-endocrine, resulting in imbalances in neurotransmitters such as 5-serotonin and dopamine, which can not play their normal physiological functions.
Clinical manifestations of obsessive-compulsive disorder
The symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder can be summarized as obsessive thinking and compulsive behavior.
Obsessive thinking can be divided into obsessive idea, obsessive emotion and obsessive intention.The contents are varied, such as repeatedly doubt whether doors and windows are closed,encounter dirty things will not get sick, why the sun rises from the east and sets in the west, standing on the balcony will have the impulse to jump down and so on.
Obsessive behaviors are often actions that have to be taken in order to alleviate anxiety caused by obsessive thoughts,patients know that it is unreasonable but have to do.For example, patients have doubts about whether doors and windows are closed, and the corresponding will repeatedly check the doors and windows to ensure safety; people who are afraid of getting sick when they touch dirty things wash their hands repeatedly to keep them clean.Some patients with prolonged disease often repeat certain movements,and over time, form a certain program,such as washing hands must start from the fingertips and continuously wash to the wrist,if the order is reversed or the middle is interrupted, it will start washing again, which often consumes a lot of time and is painful.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms are characterized by:
1.It is the patient's own thoughts or impulse, not imposed by the outside world.
2.At least one thought or action must still be vainly resisted by the patient, even if the patient no longer resists other symptoms.
3.The idea of implementing the action itself can be unpleasant to the patient (simply to relieve tension or anxiety is not considered a real pleasure), but if not implemented, it can cause great anxiety.
4.Thoughts or impulses are unpleasantly recurring.