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Phobia——types and symptoms

Phobia——types and symptoms

Phobia, originally known as terror neurosis,refers to the patient to the outside world certain situations, objects, Or when interacting with people, produce unusual fear and tension, can cause blushing, shortness of breath, sweating, palpitations, blood pressure changes, nausea, weakness and even fainting symptoms, and thus appear avoidance reaction.The patient knows that this fear reaction is excessive or unreasonable, but it is still recurring, difficult to control, the patient tries to avoid the objective things or situation that lead to fear, or endure it with fear, thus affecting its normal activities.

Classification of phobias

Phobias can be broadly divided into three categories according to the object of the fear: agoraphobia, social phobia, and specific phobia.

Agoraphobia

Also known as place phobia, wilderness phobia, secluded room phobia, etc.It is the most common type of phobia, accounting for about 60%.Most of the onset is  around the age of 25 , around 35 years of age is another peak, more women than men.It is mainly manifested in the fear of certain specific environments, such as squares, closed environments and crowded public places.

Sufferers fear leaving home or being alone, fear entering shops, theatres, stations or taking public transport,because patients worry about the fear that appear in these places,can not get help, can not escape,thus avoid these environments, or even dare not go out, the degree of anxiety and avoidance behavior can vary greatly.Fear attacks are often accompanied by depression, compulsion, social anxiety, personality disintegration and other symptoms, if not effectively treated, although the symptoms can fluctuate, but will generally turn into chronic.

Social phobia

Also known as social anxiety disorder, most of the 17-30 years of age, the incidence of men and women is almost the same;often without obvious causes, sudden onset of illness,they are afraid of being scrutinized in small groups,find people noticing them is not natural, dare not look up, dare not look at people, or even feel ashamed, dare not speak in public, dare not sit in front, avoid social, in extreme cases can lead to social isolation.

The common targets of fear are the opposite sex, strict bosses and parents of the fiance (fiancee), or acquaintances.It can be accompanied by low self-evaluation and fear of criticism, flushing, shaking, nausea or urgency to urination and other symptoms, which can develop to the extent of a panic attack.

Clinical manifestations such as eating in public, speaking publicly, or meeting the opposite sex can also be generalized to all situations involving situations outside the home.Some patients may often be accompanied by prominent agoraphobia and depression disorder; Some patients may use substance abuse to relieve anxiety and eventually lead to substance dependence, especially alcohol dependence.

Specific phobia

Patients' fears are limited to specific situations, such as fear of approaching certain animals, fear of heights, thunder, darkness, flying, enclosed Spaces, defecating in the toilet, eating certain things, dental treatment, witnessing blood or trauma, fear of exposure to certain diseases, specific situations that trigger panic.Certain fears typically begin in childhood or early adulthood and can last for decades if left untreated.

Fear of the fear situation does not generally fluctuate, and the degree of functional disability depends on how easy the patient can avoid the fear situation.Sexually transmitted diseases, especially AIDS, are common targets of fear of disease.The blood-trauma phobia is different from other phobes in that it causes a slow heartbeat, sometimes fainting, rather than a rapid heartbeat.

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