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What causes mental illness in adolescents?

What causes mental illness in adolescents?

By Kevin Turner | 2021/10/26

Increasingly, psychologists and clinicians are discovering a significant rejuvenation of mental illness.

On the one hand, this is connected to the scientific awareness of parents — more children with autism, cognitive dysfunction and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are being identified and diagnosed earlier.

On the other hand, this also has a great relationship with the rhythm of modern human life, the cultural background of the times, etc. Many people who were originally psychologically healthy begin to develop psychological problems at an earlier age. People enter their adolescence, i.e., secondary school years, and already step into the first period of a high incidence of psychological problems and mental illness. The main reasons that contribute to psychological problems are the following :

Image source : Pixabay
  • Physical changes are brought about by puberty.

Students begin to enter puberty around the first year of school, students begin to enter puberty, their bodies develop secondary sexual characteristics, their hormone levels change significantly, and their restlessness, aggression, and impulsiveness increase. All of these are directly influenced by physical development.

  • Psychological effects brought by adolescence

In terms of physiological functions and brainpower, teenagers have already reached the level of adults and begin to develop a sense of adulthood, and they start to care about their "adult role" and dignity. Therefore, when teenagers lack experience and actual ability, they are prone to anxiety and frustration.

Image source : Pixabay
  • Interpersonal sensitivity

The development of the body and mind makes teenagers sensitive to their position in the group and interpersonal situation again, and they begin to pay more attention to their position among their same-gender peers and their image in the eyes of their opposite-sex peers. Once again, teenagers will face the problem of balancing peer competition and friendship building, and at a time when hormones are at high levels for the first time, and due to the lack of interpersonal experience and mentality, it is difficult for teenagers to grasp this balance, thus making them prone to interpersonal stress and psychological conflicts.

  • Family factors

As parents of middle school students enter middle age, parents begin to take on more responsibilities and pressures in their careers, marriages, and families. At the same time, teenagers' self-awareness and need for independence increase, and they begin to develop more ideas different from their parents', and power struggles emerge in the family. Many families are not ready to deal with this series of changes and enter the peak of family conflicts. A disharmonious family atmosphere can easily affect the psychological health and personality building of adolescents.

  • Schoolwork pressure

For high school students, although more and more schools are becoming aware of and acting to reduce the load, the pressure to advance to higher education still exists objectively. The lack of sufficient rest and recreation leads to secondary school students not having enough space to release stress, which is one of the major causes of psychological problems.

  • Sense of meaninglessness

The difficulties mentioned above are not the decisive factors, the core problem is that while facing the above pressures, many teenagers lack a sense of purpose and meaning. Today's families generally have better living conditions, and many teenagers cannot find the motivation to strive and feel confused about their future and lack of meaning in their current lives. Therefore, in recent years, we have seen more and more teenagers committing self-injury or suicide when they encounter some minor blows from the news of student suicide. The sense of meaninglessness of real life is also the core reason many teenagers are addicted to online games.

Image source : Pixabay

Signs of excessive stress in adolescents may include frequent illness, withdrawal from friends, family, and activities, changes in their habits, anger/irritability, and expressions of hopelessness.

It is essential to be aware as a parent or caregiver of what is happening to your child, not only behaviorally, but emotionally. Everyone is different and is affected by stress and emotions in different ways, but with the prevalence of mental illness in adolescents, there is a chance that your child may be affected.

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